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Dog Owner's Home Veterinary Handbook (4th Edition)

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内容提示: Dog Owner’s Home VETERINARY Handbook4th EditionDebra M. Eldredge, DVMLiisa D. Carlson, DVMDelbert G. Carlson, DVMJames M. Giffin, MDEdited by Beth Adelman01_067857 ffirs. qxp 7/6/07 10: 28 PM Page iii Dog Owner’s Home VETERINARY Handbook01_067857 ffirs. qxp 7/6/07 10: 28 PM Page i This book is not intended as a substitute for the medical advice of veterinari-ans. Readers should regularly consult a veterinarian in matters relating totheir dog’s health, and particularly with respect to any sympt...

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Dog Owner’s Home VETERINARY Handbook4th EditionDebra M. Eldredge, DVMLiisa D. Carlson, DVMDelbert G. Carlson, DVMJames M. Giffin, MDEdited by Beth Adelman01_067857 ffirs. qxp 7/6/07 10: 28 PM Page iii Dog Owner’s Home VETERINARY Handbook01_067857 ffirs. qxp 7/6/07 10: 28 PM Page i This book is not intended as a substitute for the medical advice of veterinari-ans. Readers should regularly consult a veterinarian in matters relating totheir dog’s health, and particularly with respect to any symptoms that mayrequire medical attention.In writing this book, we have described the signs and symptoms that willlead you to a preliminary idea of what is happening with your dog, so you canweigh the severity of the problem. Knowing when to call your veterinarian isvery important. Delays can be dangerous.At the same time, we have sought to provide guidance for the acute oremergency situations that you must handle on your own until you can getyour dog to a veterinarian. Life-saving procedures such as artificial respirationand heart massage, and what to do in the event of poisonings, obstetricalproblems, and other emergencies are explained step by step.But a veterinary handbook is not a substitute for professional care. Advicefrom a book can never be as helpful or as safe as actual medical advice. Notext can replace the interview and the hands-on examination that enables aveterinarian to make a speedy and accurate diagnosis.However, the knowledge provided in this book will enable you to moreeffectively cooperate and better understand your interactions with your vet-erinarian. You’ll be more alert to the signs of health problems and better ableto describe them. You’ll know more about basic care for your dog, and you’llbe prepared in an emergency.01_067857 ffirs. qxp 7/6/07 10: 28 PM Page ii Dog Owner’s Home VETERINARY Handbook4th EditionDebra M. Eldredge, DVMLiisa D. Carlson, DVMDelbert G. Carlson, DVMJames M. Giffin, MDEdited by Beth Adelman01_067857 ffirs. qxp 7/6/07 10: 28 PM Page iii Copyright © 2007 by Howell Book House. All rights reserved.Howell Book HousePublished by Wiley Publishing, Inc., Hoboken, New JerseyNo part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any formor by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, scanning or otherwise, except aspermitted under Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act, without either theprior written permission of the Publisher, or authorization through payment of the appropriate per-copy fee to the Copyright Clearance Center, 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923, (978)750-8400, fax (978) 646-8600, or on the web at www.copyright.com. Requests to the Publisher forpermission should be addressed to the Legal Department, Wiley Publishing, Inc., 10475 CrosspointBlvd., Indianapolis, IN 46256, (317) 572-3447, fax (317) 572-4355, or online at http://www.wiley.com/go/permissions.Wiley, the Wiley Publishing logo, Howell Book House, and related trademarks are trademarks or reg-istered trademarks of John Wiley & Sons, Inc. and/or its affiliates. All other trademarks are the prop-erty of their respective owners. Wiley Publishing, Inc. is not associated with any product or vendormentioned in this book.The publisher and the author make no representations or warranties with respect to the accuracy orcompleteness of the contents of this work and specifically disclaim all warranties, including withoutlimitation warranties of fitness for a particular purpose. No warranty may be created or extended bysales or promotional materials. The advice and strategies contained herein may not be suitable forevery situation. This work is sold with the understanding that the publisher is not engaged in render-ing legal, accounting, or other professional services. If professional assistance is required, the servicesof a competent professional person should be sought. Neither the publisher nor the author shall beliable for damages arising here from. The fact that an organization or Website is referred to in thiswork as a citation and/or a potential source of further information does not mean that the author orthe publisher endorses the information the organization or Website may provide or recommendationsit may make. Further, readers should be aware that Internet Websites listed in this work may havechanged or disappeared between when this work was written and when it is read.For general information on our other products and services or to obtain technical support please con-tact our Customer Care Department within the U.S. at (800) 762-2974, outside the U.S. at (317)572-3993 or fax (317) 572-4002.Wiley also publishes its books in a variety of electronic formats. Some content that appears in printmay not be available in electronic books. For more information about Wiley products, please visitour web site at www.wiley.com.Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data:Dog owner’s home veterinary handbook / Debra M. Eldredge . . . [et al.]. — 4th ed.p. cm.Includes index.Rev. ed. of: Dog owner’s home veterinary handbook / James M. Giffin and Liisa Carlson, 2000.ISBN-13: 978-0-470-06785-7 (cloth)ISBN-10: 0-470-06785-31. Dogs—Diseases—Handbooks, manuals, etc. I. Eldredge, Debra. II. Giffin, James M. Dog owner’shome veterinary handbook. SF991.C25 2007636.7'089—dc222007016275Printed in the United States of America10987654321Fourth EditionEdited by Beth AdelmanCover design by Ruth AcostaBook production by Wiley Publishing, Inc. Composition Services01_067857 ffirs. qxp 7/6/07 10: 28 PM Page iv vFINDING IT QUICKLYA special Index of Signs and Symptoms is on the inside of the front cover forfast referral. Consult this if your dog exhibits any unexplained behavior. Itwill help you locate the problem.The detailed Contents outlines the organs and body systems that are thesites of disease. If you can locate the problem anatomically, look here first.The General Index begins on page 607 and gives you a comprehensiveguide to the book’s medical information. Where a page number is in bold, itindicates more detailed coverage of the subject.Cross-references note pertinent supplementary information.A Glossary on page 585 defines medical terms used preferentially to bestexplain the subject or condition. Many of these words are now being usedcommonly among veterinarians and their clients. Glossary terms will usuallybe found in italics in the text. (Italics may also be used for emphasis.)01_067857 ffirs. qxp 7/6/07 10: 28 PM Page v ACKNOWLEDGMENTSI would like to thank Roxanne Cerda for thinking of me for this project andmy incredible agent, Jessica Faust of Book Ends, for making it work. I can’t sayenough good things about working with Beth Adelman as my editor—it hasbeen fun! Sandy Young, DVM, has done a great job in her technical review.And Marcella Durand has found us some images we thought might be impos-sible to find.My thanks to my family, who have endured weird meals at weird times anddealt with the stress of occasional computer illnesses.A special thank you to my three personal dogs, who oversaw this project.Ms Dani, my Belgian Tervuren bitch, offered counsel and company while mak-ing sure the school bus returned Kate and Tom every day. Hokey, my youngmale Belgian Tervuren, simply makes me smile—every day and often. Susan,the almost 15-year-old Pembroke Welsh Corgi who came to us as an 8-year-old, has been my shadow, my support, and an exemplification of true love. —Debra Eldredge, DVMvi01_067857 ffirs. qxp 7/6/07 10: 28 PM Page vi viiTRIBUTE TO A DOGThe one absolutely unselfish friend that man can have in this selfish world, theone that never deserts him, the one that never proves ungrateful or treacher-ous, is his dog. A man’s dog stands by him in prosperity and in poverty, inhealth and in sickness. He will sleep on the cold ground, where the wintrywinds blow and the snow drives fiercely, if only he may be near his master’sside. He will kiss the hand that has no food to offer; he will lick the woundsand sores that come in encounter with the roughness of the world. He guardsthe sleep of his pauper master as if he were a prince. When all other friendsdesert, he remains. When riches take wings and reputation falls to pieces, he isas constant in his love as the sun in its journey through the heavens.—Senator George Vest, 187001_067857 ffirs. qxp 7/6/07 10: 28 PM Page vii viiiCONTENTSIntroduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxviiChapter 1 : EMERGENCIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1Handling and Restraint. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2Muzzles. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2Restraining for Examination and Treatment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2Carrying an Injured Dog. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6Transporting an Injured Dog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7Artificial Respiration and Heart Massage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7Artificial Respiration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8CPR. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9Shock. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11Anaphylactic Shock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13Acute Painful Abdomen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14Broken Bones. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15Burns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16Cold Exposure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17Hypothermia (Low Body Temperature) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17Frostbite . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18Dehydration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19Drowning and Suffocation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20Electric Shock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21Heat Stroke . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22Poisoning. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23General Treatment of Poisoning. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24Contact Poisons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26Drug Poisons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26Rodent Poisons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27Antifreeze. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28Poison Baits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29Insecticides . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31Garbage and Food Poisons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33Chocolate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33Raisins, Grapes, and Other Food Poisons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34Corrosive Household Products. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34Petroleum Products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3502_067857 ftoc. qxp 7/6/07 10: 28 PM Page viii Poisonous Plants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35Lead . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38Zinc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38Toad and Salamander Poisoning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39Insect Stings and Bites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39Snakebites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40Pit Vipers (Rattlesnakes, Cottonmouths, and Copperheads) . . . . . . . . 40Coral Snakes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41Treating Snakebites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42Wounds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42Controlling Bleeding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42Treating Wounds. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44Bandaging a Wound . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47Chapter 2: GASTROINTESTINAL PARASITES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51Deworming Puppies and Adult Dogs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51Deworming Puppies. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52Deworming Adult Dogs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53How to Control Worms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53Ascarids (Roundworms) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56Hookworms (Ancylostoma) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58Tapeworms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60Whipworms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61Threadworms (Strongyloides). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62Other Worm Parasites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62Pinworms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62Trichinosis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62Lungworms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62Lung Flukes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63Heartworms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63Chapter 3: INFECTIOUS DISEASES. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65Bacterial Diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65Brucellosis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65Leptospirosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66Bordetella Bronchiseptica. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67Salmonella . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68Campylobacteriosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69Coliobacillosis (E. Coli) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69Lyme Disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70Viral Diseases. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71Distemper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71Canine Herpesvirus Infection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73CONTENTS • ix02_067857 ftoc. qxp 7/6/07 10: 28 PM Page ix x • CONTENTSInfectious Canine Hepatitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74Rabies. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75Kennel Cough. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77Canine Parvovirus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78Canine Coronavirus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80Fungal Diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80Histoplasmosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81Coccidioidomycosis (Valley Fever). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81Cryptococcosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82Blastomycosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82Sporotrichosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83Protozoan Diseases. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83Neosporosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83Toxoplasmosis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84Coccidiosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84Trichomoniasis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85Giardiasis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85Canine Babesiosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86Canine Hepatozoonosis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86American Trypanosomiasis (Chagas Disease) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87Rickettsial Diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87Canine Ehrlichiosis and Anaplasmosis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89Canine Salmon Poisoning Disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90Antibodies and Immunity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90Vaccinations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91Why Vaccines Fail . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92The Revaccination Debate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93Core and Noncore Vaccines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93Combination Vaccines. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93Available Vaccines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94Canine Distemper (Core) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94Infectious Hepatitis (Core) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95Canine Parvovirus (Core). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95Rabies (Core) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96Leptospirosis Bacterin (Noncore). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96Canine Parainfluenza (Noncore) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96Bordetella (Noncore) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97Lyme Disease (Noncore) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97Coronavirus (Not Recommended) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98Giardia (Not Recommended) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98Porphyromonas (Not Recommended) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98Vaccination Recommendations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9802_067857 ftoc. qxp 7/6/07 10: 28 PM Page x Chapter 4: THE SKIN AND COAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 01The Dog’s Coat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102Hair Growth and Shedding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102Avoiding Coat and Skin Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103Grooming. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103Brushing and Combing Techniques . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106Removing Mats. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106Beyond the Brush . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107Trimming the Nails . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107Bathing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109Dry Shampoos. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111Special Bath Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111Sorting Out Skin Diseases. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112Fleas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117The Flea Life Cycle. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118New Methods of Flea Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118Topical Insecticides for Flea Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120A Suggested Flea-Control Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121Eliminating Fleas on the Premises . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122Ticks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123Other External Parasites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126Scabies (Sarcoptic Mange) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126Cheyletiella Mange (Walking Dandruff) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127Chiggers (Trombiculid Mites) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128Lice (Pediculosis) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129Pelodera Dermatitis (Damp Hay Itch) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130Flies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130Using Insecticides . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131Insecticide Dips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132Disinfecting the Premises . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133Lick Granuloma (Acral Pruritic Dermatitis) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134Allergies. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135Hives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136Flea Allergy Dermatitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137Atopic Dermatitis (Canine Atopy) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138Food Allergy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140Irritant and Allergic Contact Dermatitis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141Disorders with Hair Loss . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142Hypothyroidism. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142Hyperadrenocorticism (Cushing’s Syndrome). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144Hyperestrogenism (Estrogen Excess) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145Growth Hormone–Responsive Alopecia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146CONTENTS • xi02_067857 ftoc. qxp 7/6/07 10: 28 PM Page xi Hypoestrogenism (Estrogen Deficiency) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146Traction Alopecia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146Acanthosis Nigrans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147Vitiligo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147Zinc-Responsive Dermatosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148Color Mutant Alopecia (Blue Doberman Syndrome) . . . . . . . . . . . . 149Black Hair Follicle Dysplasia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149Sebaceous Adenitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149Seborrhea . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150Ringworm. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151Demodectic Mange . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154Pressure Sores (Calluses) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156Pyoderma (Skin Infections) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157Puppy Dermatitis (Impetigo and Acne) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157Folliculitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158Skin Fold Pyoderma . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159Acute Moist Dermatitis (Hot Spots) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160Cellulitis and Skin Abscess . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161Juvenile Pyoderma (Puppy Strangles) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162Mycetoma. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163Interdigital Cysts and Pododermatitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163Actinomycosis and Nocardiosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163Autoimmune and Immune-Mediated Skin Diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . 164Pemphigus Complex . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164Bullous Pemphigoid. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166Lupus Erythematosus Complex . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167Erythema Multiforme . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167Nodular Panniculitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168Chapter 5: THE EYES. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 69How Dogs See . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 171What to Do if Your Dog Has an Eye Problem. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172Signs of Eye Ailments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172How to Examine the Eye. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 173How to Apply Eye Medicines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 174The Eyeball . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175Eye Out of Its Socket . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175Other Causes of a Bulging Eye . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175Enophthalmos (Sunken Eye) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 176Dermoid Cyst (Hair Growing from the Eyeball) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 176xii • CONTENTS02_067857 ftoc. qxp 7/6/07 10: 28 PM Page xii Eyelids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177Blepharospasm (Severe Squinting) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177Blepharitis (Inflamed Eyelids) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177Chemosis (Allergic Blepharitis) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178Foreign Bodies in the Eyes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178Burns of the Eyes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179Sties and Chalazions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179Distichiasis (Extra Eyelashes) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179Facial Hair . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180Entropion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180Ectropion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 181Eyelid Tumors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182The Nictitating Membrane (Third Eyelid). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182Film over the Eye . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182Eversion of the Cartilage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183Cherry Eye . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183The Outer Eye . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184Conjunctivitis (Red Eye) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184Neonatal Conjunctivitis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185The Tearing Mechanism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca (Dry Eye) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187Epiphora (Watery Eye) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188Nasolacrimal Occlusion. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189Poodle Eye . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190The Cornea . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191Corneal Abrasion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191Corneal Ulcer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192Indolent Corneal Ulcers in Boxers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193Keratitis (Cloudy Eye) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193Corneal Dystrophy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195The Inner Eye . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196Blindness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196Cataracts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 197Anterior Uveitis (Soft Eye) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 199Glaucoma. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 200Retinal Diseases. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 201Collie Eye Anomaly Syndrome . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202Progressive Retinal Atrophy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203Central Progressive Retinal Atrophy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204Congenital Stationary Night Blindness. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204CONTENTS • xiii02_067857 ftoc. qxp 7/6/07 10: 28 PM Page xiii Chapter 6: THE EARS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 205Basic Ear Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206Avoiding Ear Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206Cleaning the Ears . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 207How to Apply Ear Medicines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 208Antibiotics for the Ear. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 208The Ear Flap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209Bites and Lacerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209Allergic Otitis (Ear Allergy) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 210Swollen Ear Flap. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 210Fly Bite Dermatitis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211Frostbite . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211Ear Fissure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...

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