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The Ultimate Dog Treat Cookbook Homemade Goodies for Man's Best Friend

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内容提示: byLIZ PALIKAIllustrated byTROY CUMMINGS01_597736_ffirs. qxd 7/18/05 7: 39 PM Page iii 01_597736_ffirs. qxd 7/18/05 7: 39 PM Page ii 01_597736_ffirs. qxd 7/18/05 7: 39 PM Page i 01_597736_ffirs. qxd 7/18/05 7: 39 PM Page ii byLIZ PALIKAIllustrated byTROY CUMMINGS01_597736_ffirs. qxd 7/18/05 7: 39 PM Page iii This book is printed on acid-free paper. ∞Copyright © 2005 by Wiley Publishing, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey. All rights reserved.Howell Book HousePublished by Wiley Publishing, Inc.,...

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byLIZ PALIKAIllustrated byTROY CUMMINGS01_597736_ffirs. qxd 7/18/05 7: 39 PM Page iii 01_597736_ffirs. qxd 7/18/05 7: 39 PM Page ii 01_597736_ffirs. qxd 7/18/05 7: 39 PM Page i 01_597736_ffirs. qxd 7/18/05 7: 39 PM Page ii byLIZ PALIKAIllustrated byTROY CUMMINGS01_597736_ffirs. qxd 7/18/05 7: 39 PM Page iii This book is printed on acid-free paper. ∞Copyright © 2005 by Wiley Publishing, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey. All rights reserved.Howell Book HousePublished by Wiley Publishing, Inc., Hoboken, New JerseyNo part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, scanning or otherwise, except as permitted under Sections 107 or 108 of the1976 United States Copyright Act, without either the prior written permission of the Publisher, or authorization through paymentof the appropriate per-copy fee to the Copyright Clearance Center, 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923, (978) 750-8400, fax(978) 646-8600, or on the web at www.copyright.com. Requests to the Publisher for permission should be addressed to the LegalDepartment, Wiley Publishing, Inc., 10475 Crosspoint Blvd., Indianapolis, IN 46256, (317) 572-3447, fax (317) 572-4355, or onlineat http://www.wiley.com/go/permissions.Wiley, the Wiley Publishing logo, Howell Book House, and related trademarks are trademarks or registered trademarks of JohnWiley & Sons, Inc. and/or its affiliates. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners. Wiley Publishing, Inc. isnot associated with any product or vendor mentioned in this book.The publisher and the author make no representations or warranties with respect to the accuracy or completeness of the contents of this work and specifically disclaim all warranties, including without limitation warranties of fitness for a particularpurpose. No warranty may be created or extended by sales or promotional materials. The advice and strategies contained hereinmay not be suitable for every situation. This work is sold with the understanding that the publisher is not engaged in renderinglegal, accounting, or other professional services. If professional assistance is required, the services of a competent professionalperson should be sought. Neither the publisher nor the author shall be liable for damages arising here from. The fact that anorganization or Website is referred to in this work as a citation and/or a potential source of further information does not meanthat the author or the publisher endorses the information the organization or Website may provide or recommendations it maymake. Further, readers should be aware that Internet Websites listed in this work may have changed or disappeared betweenwhen this work was written and when it is read.For general information on our other products and services or to obtain technical support please contact our Customer CareDepartment within the U.S. at (800) 762-2974, outside the U.S. at (317) 572-3993 or fax (317) 572-4002.Wiley also publishes its books in a variety of electronic formats. Some content that appears in print may not be available in elec-tronic books. For more information about Wiley products, please visit our web site at www.wiley.com.Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data available f rom the publisherISBN-10: 0-7645-9773-6ISBN-13: 978-0-7645-9773-2Printed in the United States of America10987654321Book design by LeAndra HosierCover design by José AlmaguerCover art by Troy CummingsBook production by Wiley Publishing, Inc. Composition Services01_597736_ffirs. qxd 7/18/05 7: 39 PM Page iv Table of ContentsAcknowledgments viIntroduction Cooking and Baking Terms Minimum Equipment Taste Tests 1223Chapter 1: Cookies by the Spoonful 4Chapter 2: Cookie-Cutter Treats 32Chapter 3: Special Goodies for Special Occasions 54Chapter 4: Good Dogs Deserve Tasty Treats! 80Chapter 5: Delicacies for Dogs with Special Needs Meat-Free Treats Grain-Free Treats Wheat-Free Treats Reduced-Fat Treats 9698102104110Index11402_597736_ftoc. qxd 7/18/05 7: 51 PM Page v AcknowledgmentsThank you to Deb Eldredge, DVM, who scrutinized all these recipes to make sure our caninebest friends could safely indulge in them! Thanks, Deb!03_597736_flast. qxd 7/18/05 7: 47 PM Page vi 1IntroductionIntroductionMnourishing dinners, and wonderful desserts. Grandma showed her love bycooking and baking.I have found myself following in her footsteps — not for people,though, but for dogs. It’s easy to make good treats, especially for my dogs,because they’ll eat anything I hand them, and they always appreciate myefforts. By making homemade dog treats, I can also control the ingredientsI use. I can make sure that the ingredients are of good quality, and I canavoid things that I prefer my dogs not eat. It’s important to me that mydogs eat well; after all, I want them to be with me, hale and hearty, for aslong as they can be. Treats are important, and I want the ones my dogs getto be good ones made from quality ingredients.All the treats in this book were tested in my kitchen and in the kitchens ofseveral willing volunteers. I hope that we caught any glaring errors. However,cooking techniques vary, ovens vary, and so do microwaves. (Yes, there are acouple of microwave recipes in this book.) So, when you try a recipe for thefirst time, watch your cooking time; if your oven is hot, shorten the cookingtimes, and if your oven is cooler, extend the cooking times.y grandmother was not a demonstrative woman, yet all of us grand-kids knew without a doubt that she loved us very much. After all,she was always cooking for us. There were simple yet homemade lunches,04_597736_intro. qxd 7/18/05 7: 46 PM Page 1 You will find two different types of sidebars throughout the book. “Nutritional Notes” helpyou understand the nutritional values of the ingredients found in various recipes. “Treats andTidbits” share with you some information about cooking, treat storage, and other things thatwill assist you.So have fun! Keep in mind that these recipes are for treats —not a daily diet—and shouldnever exceed 10% of your dog’s daily diet.Cooking and Baking TermsThis book is written in an easy-to-understand style, using the following cooking and bakingterms:•Chop: To cut food into pieces, from small (finely chopped) to large (coarsely chopped)•Dice: To cut into equal-sized small cubes (usually between •Grate: To shred a solid food by using a hand grater, a blender, or a food processor•Grind: To use a blender or food processor to change a solid food into fine pieces•Knead: To work dough with your hands, usually on a floured surface, in order to thor-oughly blend the ingredients•Puree: To mash food in a food processor or blender until it becomes a smooth paste orliquid1⁄ 4 and 1⁄ 2 inch)Minimum EquipmentYou will not need a kitchen full of stuff to make dog treats, but you will have to have a fewbasics:•A large metal or glass bowl for mixing ingredients•A set of measuring cups that includes •A set of measuring spoons that includes •Two cookie sheets1⁄ 4 cup, 1⁄ 4 teaspoon, 1 teaspoon, and 1 tablespoon1⁄ 3 cup, 1⁄ 2 cup, and 1 cup2The Ultimate Dog Treat Cookbook04_597736_intro. qxd 7/18/05 7: 46 PM Page 2 •A breadboard•A rolling pin•Cookie cutters (plastic or metal)Some of the recipes also specify to use a blender or a food processor. An electric mixer is notnecessary because most of these recipes are best mixed by hand.Taste TestsMy dogs, Australian Shepherds Dax, Riker, and Bashir, will eat just about anything I hand them.They eagerly ate every treat in this book as well as several that didn’t make the cut for the book.So I needed to set up taste tests with dogs who might be a little pickier. I thank the followingdogs and their owners for being my first round of taste testers; all the recipes were tested onthese dogs before being included in this book:•Petra Burke and her dogs Kona and Logan (Aussies) and Teddy (a German Shepherd Dog)•Katy Silva and Sasha (a Rottie), Jasper, and Lily (Parson Russell Terriers)•Kate Abbott and Gina (a Rottie) and Walter (a mixed breed)•Sally Kayser and Ludwig (a German Shepherd Dog)If the treats were well accepted by these dogs, they went on to the next round of taste tests.I have to thank all the students attending classes at Kindred Spirits Dog Training in Vista,California, who participated in taste tests before or after classes; or who used these treats astraining treats during classes. The treats that were well received by the majority of those dogsmade it into this book.Thank you, all!3Introduction04_597736_intro. qxd 7/18/05 7: 46 PM Page 3 1Cookies by the SpoonfulTHE COOKIES IN THIS CHAPTER ARE MEASURED OUT BY THE SPOONFUL TO MAKEBITE-SIZE TREATS. YOU CAN VARY THE SIZE OF THE SPOONFUL FOR YOUR DOG,MAKING SMALLER ONES FOR TOY BREED DOGS AND LARGER COOKIES FOR BIGGERDOGS. IF YOU VARY THE SIZE, HOWEVER, CAREFULLY WATCH THE COOKING TIMES.SMALLER TREATS WILL NEED LESS COOKING TIME THAN THE RECIPE CALLS FOR,AND LARGER TREATS MORE.MOST OF THESE RECIPES WILL CREATE A DOUGH THAT IS EASILY MIXED BYHAND, ALTHOUGH YOU CAN USE A MIXER IF YOU WISH. IF YOU SHOULDN’T USE AMIXER BECAUSE DOING SO COULD DAMAGE THE INGREDIENTS, THE RECIPE WILLSTATE THIS.WHEN SPOONING THE DOUGH OUT ONTO COOKIE SHEETS, MAKE UNIFORMLYSIZED TREATS IN EACH BATCH. IF YOU HAVE TREATS OF VARIOUS SIZES ON ONECOOKIE SHEET, THEY WILL NOT COOK UNIFORMLY; YOU MAY HAVE SOME OVERDONEAND SOME UNDERDONE.MOST OF THESE RECIPES ASK YOU TO PLACE THE DOUGH ONTO GREASEDCOOKIE SHEETS. YOU CAN USE OIL, BUTTER, OR NONSTICK SPRAY ON THE COOKIESHEET TO KEEP THE TREATS FROM STICKING. WATCH THE TREATS DURING BAKING;OVENS AND MICROWAVES VARY, AND SO WILL THE BAKING TIMES.MICROWAVED TREATS CAN BE COOKED ON A HEAVY-DUTY PAPER PLATE (NOTSTYROFOAM) OR ON A PAPER TOWEL ON A MICROWAVE-SAFE PLATE.05_597736_ch01. qxd 7/18/05 7: 50 PM Page 4 Chunk Chicken and Sweet Potato Treats6Microwave Oatmeal Balls8Peanut Butter–Honey Nut Cheerios Balls10Taco Treats12Tummy-Tempting Chicken Soup Cookies14Italian Beef Treats16Molasses Granola Balls18Ginny’s Bonanza Treats20Cheesy Chicken Delights22Chicken Liver Treats24Gina’s Three-Cheese Cookies26Bisquick and Beef Treats28Riker’s Favorite Liver Treats3005_597736_ch01. qxd 7/18/05 7: 50 PM Page 5 6The Ultimate Dog Treat CookbookChunk Chicken and Sweet Potato TreatsMakes 40 to 50 bite-size treatsThese treats have tasty chunks of chicken and sweet potato and appeal to even thefussiest eaters.11⁄ 4 cups of 1⁄ 2 cup of 2 cups all-purpose whole wheat flour1 cup evaporated lowfat milk1⁄ 2 teaspoon salt1⁄ 2 teaspoon baking powder2 large eggs1⁄ 2-inch pieces of cooked chicken1⁄ 2-inch pieces of cooked sweet potato1. Preheat the oven to 350 degrees.2. Mix all the ingredients together well, making sure the pieces of chicken and sweetpotato are thoroughly coated.3. Drop by rounded teaspoon onto greased cookie sheets.4. Bake 14 to 18 minutes or until golden brown.5. Remove from oven, let cool thoroughly, and store in an airtight container in therefrigerator.05_597736_ch01. qxd 7/18/05 7: 51 PM Page 6 7Cookies by the SpoonfulTREATS AND TIDBITS: STORING TREATSYou can make the best recipe in the world, but if the end product isn’t stored correctly, yourefforts will be in vain. Let treats thoroughly cool on a wire rack before packaging them; if youdon’t, too much moisture will build up in the container, and the treats will soften and can evenspoil.Always store your dog’s treats in an airtight container, whether a plastic bowl with a tight-fitting lid or a zipper-top plastic bag with all the air pressed out; this seals in the freshness andkeeps moisture out.Treats and cookies containing meats should always be stored in an airtight container inthe refrigerator to prevent spoilage. To use them, take out as many treats as you wish to feedyour dog and then return the container to the refrigerator. Most treats in the refrigerator havea shelf life of about 2 weeks; if you wish to keep them longer, freeze them. Treats can be frozenfor up to 4 months. To use the treats, take from the freezer as many as you wish to thaw and letthem thaw in the refrigerator.05_597736_ch01. qxd 7/18/05 7: 51 PM Page 7 Microwave Oatmeal BallsMakes 60 round bite-size treats These cookies are small, round, very hard, and crunchy. If made small enough, theycan also serve as great training treats. If you make these as training treats — by makingthem smaller than recommended — reduce the cooking time. You want the treats tobe firm and dry when taken out of the microwave but not scorched. They will hardenas they cool.3⁄ 4 cup nonfat dry milk1⁄ 2 cup all-purpose flour (white, whole wheat, barley, or potato)1 cup quick oats1⁄ 4 cup flaxseeds1⁄ 4 cup cornmeal2 tablespoons low-sodium beef bouillon powder1⁄ 3 cup melted butter1 large egg1⁄ 2 cup warm water1 cup quick oats, for coating treats1. Mix the first six ingredients well.2. Add the butter, egg, and water and mix until the mixture forms a ball of dough.3. Spread the second cup of quick oats on a breadboard.4. Form marble-size pieces of dough into balls, rolling each in the oats.5. Place 12 oat-covered balls on a heavy-duty paper plate (not Styrofoam).8The Ultimate Dog Treat Cookbook05_597736_ch01. qxd 7/18/05 7: 51 PM Page 8 6. Microwave the plate of treats at 50% power for 4 to 5 minutes.7. Remove from the microwave, let cool thoroughly, and store in an airtight container.9Cookies by the SpoonfulNUTRITIONAL NOTES: FLAXSEEDThese tiny, red-brown seeds are a rich source of anticarcinogens called lignans. They are alsorich in omega-3 fatty acids. These have many health benefits for dogs, including contributingto a healthy heart, and they also contribute to smooth, supple skin and a shiny coat. Their lowcalories, fat, and sodium make flaxseeds a healthy ingredient for most dog treats.1 tablespoon of flaxseeds contains:• 25 calories• 1 gram protein• 3 grams fat• 1.5 grams carbohydrates• 5 mg sodium05_597736_ch01. qxd 7/18/05 7: 51 PM Page 9 Peanut Butter–Honey Nut Cheerios BallsMakes 50 to 60 bite-size treats These cookies are soft and slightly crumbly, and they smell wonderfully peanutty! TheCheerios add a unique texture and taste to these cookies.1⁄ 4 cup natural peanut butter (creamy or chunky)2 cups Honey Nut Cheerios1 cup all-purpose flour1⁄ 2 cup vegetable oil2 large eggs1. Preheat the oven to 350 degrees.2. Warm the peanut butter in the microwave for about 1 minute, until it’s softenough to mix with the other ingredients.3. Add the rest of the ingredients to the peanut butter, mixing gently but thoroughly.4. Form rounded teaspoons of the dough into balls, squeezing each ball in yourhand to press it all together. This will reduce some crumbling during baking.5. Place on greased cookie sheets.6. Bake for 8 to 10 minutes or until the bottoms are golden brown.7. Remove from the oven, let cool thoroughly, and store in an airtight container.10The Ultimate Dog Treat Cookbook05_597736_ch01. qxd 7/18/05 7: 51 PM Page 10 11Cookies by the SpoonfulTREATS AND TIDBITS: AVOIDING WHEATIf you need to avoid flour or wheat because your dog has allergies, you can use a flour made ofground quick oats; simply put quick oats in a blender or food processor and grind into a coarseflour. For more information about making treats for dogs who have allergies, see chapter 5.05_597736_ch01. qxd 7/18/05 7: 51 PM Page 11 Taco TreatsMakes 60 to 70 soft bite-size treats These nutritious treats have a touch of spice!2 cups ground beef, precooked with a dash of minced garlic1⁄ 4 cup grated cheddar cheese2 tablespoons mild salsa1 small ripe avocado1 cup whole wheat flour2 large eggs2⁄ 3 cup water1. Preheat the oven to 350 degrees.2. Blend together the first four ingredients until thoroughly mixed.3. Add the rest of the ingredients, and continue to mix until the dough is well com-bined. The dough will be sticky.4. Drop by teaspoon onto greased cookie sheets.5. Bake 12 to 15 minutes or until golden brown.6. Remove from the oven.7. When the treats are thoroughly cool, store them in an airtight container in therefrigerator.Crunchier Treats:For crisper treats, when all the cookies have been baked, turn off theoven. Put all the cookies back on a cookie sheet and return them to the oven. Leavethem in the cooling oven for several hours or overnight to harden.12The Ultimate Dog Treat Cookbook05_597736_ch01. qxd 7/18/05 7: 51 PM Page 12 13Cookies by the SpoonfulNUTRITIONAL NOTES: AVOCADOAvocados are originally from Mexico, although many are now grown in California and Florida.Most dogs love avocados, which are high in fat and flavor. Although obese dogs should not befed avocados (because of their high fat and calorie count), other dogs need not avoid them.They are a great source of energy for active or working dogs, and the high fat content is greatfor healthy skin and a shiny coat. Plus, as a fruit, avocados contain no cholesterol.1 medium-size avocado contains:• 370 calories• 5 grams protein• 40 grams fat• 13 grams carbohydrates• 9 mg sodium• 22 mg calcium• 90 mg phosphorus• 2 mg iron• 1300 mg potassium• 170 RE vitamin A• 30 mg vitamin C05_597736_ch01. qxd 7/18/05 7: 51 PM Page 13 Tummy-Tempting Chicken Soup CookiesMakes 50 to 60 bite-size treats These soft cookies are quick and easy to make yet will have your dog begging for more.Ludwig, a German Shepherd Dog, loves this recipe made with Campbell’s SavoryChicken with White and Wild Rice.1 cup ground high-quality dry dog food kibble2 cups Bisquick baking mix1 18.8-ounce can Campbell’s Chunky Chicken Soup1. Preheat the oven to 350 degrees.2. Put the dog food kibble in a food processor or blender and grind to a coarse flour.Measure 1 cup after grinding.3. In a large bowl, mix together the ground kibble and the remaining ingredientsuntil well combined.4. Drop by teaspoon onto greased cookie sheets.5. Bake for 15 minutes or until golden brown.6. Remove from the oven, let cool thoroughly, and store in an airtight container inthe refrigerator.14The Ultimate Dog Treat Cookbook05_597736_ch01. qxd 7/18/05 7: 51 PM Page 14 15Cookies by the SpoonfulNUTRITIONAL NOTES: PROTEINComplete proteins, which contain all the amino acids needed for good canine health, can befound in eggs, meat, fish, poultry, milk, and other dairy products. Incomplete proteins —thosethat are lacking one or more essential amino acids —are found in beans, peanuts and othernuts, grains, and potatoes. Proteins are needed for all the functions of life, including growth,repair of injuries, energy, and much more. From the shape of their teeth to the functioning oftheir bodies, dogs are designed to eat meats and proteins. 1 gram of protein supplies the bodywith 4 calories, the same as 1 gram of carbohydrates.05_597736_ch01. qxd 7/18/05 7: 51 PM Page 15 Italian Beef TreatsMakes 40 to 50 bite-size treats These treats are colorful and smell great. Make them for your dog on a night when youfix Italian food for your family.2 cups cooked ground beef1 tablespoon minced garlic1 6-ounce can tomato paste1⁄ 2 cup canned grated Parmesan and Romano cheese11⁄ 2 cups all-purpose flour1⁄ 2 cup nonfat dry milk2 large eggs1. Preheat the oven to 350 degrees.2. Mix together the first three ingredients until the meat is well coated. Add theremaining ingredients and mix well.3. Drop by teaspoon onto greased cookie sheets.4. Bake for 10 to 15 minutes or until the bottoms are golden brown.5. Remove from the oven, let cool thoroughly, and store in an airtight container inthe refrigerator.16The Ultimate Dog Treat Cookbook05_597736_ch01. qxd 7/18/05 7: 51 PM Page 16 17Cookies by the SpoonfulNUTRITIONAL NOTES: TOMATO PASTETomato paste is highly concentrated tomatoes or tomato sauce. Some tomato pastes arestrictly tomatoes, while others have added spices and citric acid. For dog treats, choose onethat contains only tomatoes. The health benefits of tomatoes for dogs are many. They providegood nutrition, including lycopene, an antioxidant that is a known anti-cancer agent. Mostdogs also enjoy the taste of tomatoes (some to the point of helping themselves to ripe toma-toes in the garden) and so treats containing tomatoes and tomato paste are very appealing.1 tablespoon of tomato paste contains:• 14 calories• 1 gram protein• 0 fat• 3 grams carbohydrates• 129 mg sodium• 6 mg calcium• 13 mg phosphorus• 150 mg potassium• 40 RE vitamin A• 7 mg vitamin C05_597736_ch01. qxd 7/18/05 7: 51 PM Page 17 Molasses Granola BallsMakes 30 to 40 bite-size treats These balls are crunchy yet have a touch of sweetness for a dog’s sweet tooth.1 cup granola cereal without raisins1 cup all-purpose flour1⁄ 2 teaspoon baking soda1⁄ 2 teaspoon salt1⁄ 4 cup molasses1 large egg1⁄ 4 cup evaporated lowfat milk1 cup granola without raisins, for coating treats1. Preheat the oven to 350 degrees.2. Mix all the ingredients except the second cup of granola. Use a large spoon, not amixer, so that the granola is not crushed.3. Spread the second cup of granola on a breadboard.4. Roll a teaspoon of the dough into a ball in your hand and then roll it in the granolato coat it.5. Place the treats on greased cookie sheets.6. Bake for 7 to 10 minutes or until golden brown.7. Remove from the oven, let cool thoroughly, and store in an airtight container.18The Ultimate Dog Treat Cookbook05_597736_ch01. qxd 7/18/05 7: 51 PM Page 18 19Cookies by the SpoonfulTREATS AND TIDBITS: SOME FOODS TO AVOIDAlthough dogs and people can eat many of the same foods quite safely, there are several foodspeople eat often that dogs should not eat. Some, such as chocolate, can be deadly, while oth-ers, such as raw eggs, simply have the potential to cause problems.Here are some foods to avoid:• Chocolate: Theobromine, an ingredient in chocolate, can cause a variety of problems,from diminishing blood flow to the brain to triggering heart attacks. Theobromine is inboth dark and milk chocolate, but because milk chocolate is diluted with milk andother ingredients, theobromine is more concentrated in dark chocolate.• Grapes and raisins: These foods contain a toxin that damages the kidneys.• Macadamia nuts: These nuts contain a toxin that affects the nervous system andmuscles.• Onions: Onions, both raw and cooked, contain sulfoxides and disulfides, which dam-age red blood cells and cause anemia.• Raw eggs: Raw eggs contain an enzyme called avidin, which interferes with vitamin Babsorption. They also may contain salmonella.05_597736_ch01. qxd 7/18/05 7: 51 PM Page 19 Ginny’s Bonanza TreatsMakes 30 to 40 bite-size treats Ginny, a lovely 10-year-old German Shepherd Dog, is very particular about her treats,but she really likes these. In taste tests with other treats, she chooses these every time.2 cups cooked ground beef1⁄ 2 cup grated carrot1⁄ 2 cup canned grated Parmesan cheese1⁄ 2 teaspoon minced garlic1⁄ 2 cup ground high-quality dry dog food kibble1 large egg1 tablespoon tomato paste1. Preheat the oven to 350 degrees.2. Put the dog food kibble in a food processor or blender and grind to a coarse flour.Measure 1 cup after grinding.3. Combine all the ingredients, mixing thoroughly.4. Form the dough into teaspoon-size balls.5. Place on greased cookie sheets.6. Bake for 13 to 16 minutes or until golden brown.7. Remove from the oven, let cool thoroughly, and store in an airtight container inthe refrigerator.20The Ultimate Dog Treat Cookbook05_597736_ch01. qxd 7/18/05 7: 51 PM Page 20 Crunchier Treats:For crisper treats, when all the cookies have been baked, turn off theoven. Put all the cookies back on a cookie sheet and return them to the oven. Leavethem in the cooling oven for several hours or overnight to harden.21Cookies by the SpoonfulNUTRITIONAL NOTES: GARLICAfter reading about all the benefits of garlic, you might consider it a medicine as much as afood ingredient. Garlic has been said to fight cancer, lower blood glucose, boost the immunesystem, and fight viruses for both people and dogs. In addition, dogs are attracted to foodscontaining garlic, perhaps because the foods both smell and taste good. However, too muchgarlic can be toxic, so follow the recipe guidelines; lots more is not necessarily better!1 clove of garlic contains:• 4 calories• 0.2 grams protein• 0 fat• 1 gram carbohydrate• 1 mg sodium• 5 mg calcium• 71 mcg folic acid05_597736_ch01. qxd 7/18/05 7: 51 PM Page 21 Cheesy Chicken DelightsMakes 20 to 30 bite-size treats These soft cookies are full of cheese and chunks of chicken. Walter, a small, black,fuzzy mixed breed, gobbles these down like there is no tomorrow!1 7.75-ounce package of Bisquick Complete Three Cheese Biscuits1⁄ 2 cup precooked chicken, chopped into 1⁄ 4 cup grated cheddar cheese1⁄ 2 cup water1⁄ 4-inch pieces1. Preheat the oven to 350 degrees.2. Mix together all the ingredients into a sticky dough.3. Drop by teaspoon onto greased cookie sheets.4. Bake for 10 to 15 minutes or until golden brown.5. Remove from the oven, let cool thoroughly, and store in an airtight container inthe refrigerator.22The Ultimate Dog Treat Cookbook05_597736_ch01. qxd 7/18/05 7: 51 PM Page 22 23Cookies by the SpoonfulNUTRITIONAL NOTES: CHEDDAR CHEESERich and flavorful, cheddar cheese is a favorite with both dogs and their owners. Becausecheddar cheese is so appealing to almost all dogs, it can be used as a treat by itself (or to hide a pill a dog must take), or it can be used as an ingredient in treats. A great source of protein,calcium, and other minerals, cheddar cheese is a healthy food as well as a tasty one.1 ounce of cheddar cheese contains:• 110 calories• 7 grams of protein• 9 grams fat• 1 gram carbohydrate• 175 mg sodium• 204 mg calcium• 145 mg phosphorus• 28 mg potassium05_597736_ch01. qxd 7/18/05 7: 51 PM Page 23 Chicken Liver TreatsMakes 40 to 50 bite-size treats All the dogs who participated in our taste tests, from Newfoundlands to Chihuahuas,ate these treats with enthusiasm.1 pound cooked chicken livers, chopped finely1 cup cornmeal1 cup all-purpose flour2 large eggs1⁄ 4 cup vegetable oil1⁄ 4 cup warm water1 cup cornmeal, for coating treats1. Preheat the oven to 350 degrees.2. Mix together all the ingredients, making sure that the liver is well coated. Thedough will be stiff.3. Form the dough into teaspoon-size balls, then roll each ball in cornmeal.4. Place on greased cookie sheets.5. Bake for 10 to 15 minutes or until golden brown. (Be careful not to let the bottomsscorch.)6. Remove from the oven, let cool thoroughly, and store in an airtight container inthe refrigerator.24The Ultimate Dog Treat Cookbook05_597736_ch01. qxd 7/18/05 7: 51 PM Page 24 25Cookies by the SpoonfulNUTRITIONAL NOTE: CORN AND CORNMEALCorn originated in Central America and was a food staple for thousands of years, although notquite in the form we see today; it was a much smaller, spindlier plant. Today, corn is a high-fiber, high-carbohydrate food that is also a source of vitamin C and some of the B vitamins.Cornmeal is made from dried corn kernels. The husks are removed, and the inside kernel isground. Although many dogs eat corn and cornmeal with no problems (indeed, it is a mainingredient in many commercial dog foods), some dogs cannot tolerate it and develop a foodallergy. If your dog is allergic to corn, avoid the recipes using cornmeal or substitute a flour forthe cornmeal.1 cup of cornmeal contains:• 490 calories• 12 grams protein• 2 grams fat• 100 grams carbohydrates• 450 mg calcium• 858 mg phosphorus• 57 RE vitamin A• 1 mg thiamin• 1 mg riboflavin05_597736_ch01. qxd 7/18/05 7: 51 PM Page 25 Gina’s Three-Cheese CookiesMakes 20 to 30 bite-size treats Gina, a lovely feminine Rottweiler, suffered horrible abuse in her first home. But Gina’sa lucky one; today, she’s a treasured companion. Gina can be a picky eater but lovesthese cheesy cookies.1 cup all-purpose flour1⁄ 4 cup grated canned Parmesan and Romano cheese1⁄ 4 cup grated cheddar cheese1 large egg1⁄ 2 cup evaporated lowfat milk1. Preheat the oven to 350 degrees.2. Mix together all the ingredients well.3. Form the dough into teaspoon-size balls.4. Place on greased cookie sheets.5. Bake for 8 to 12 minutes or until golden brown.6. Remove from the oven, let cool thoroughly, and store in an airtight container.26The Ultimate Dog Treat Cookbook05_597736_ch01. qxd 7/18/05 7: 51 PM Page 26 27Cookies by the SpoonfulTREATS AND TIDBITS: ALL ABOUT FLOURFlour is made by grinding or pulverizing grains and other plants, but all flours are not the samenor created equally. The most popular flours are wheat flours; most flours sold in grocerystores for baking are bleached (chemically treated with benzoyl peroxide or a similar chemi-cal) wheat flours. The more natural unbleached wheat flours are gaining in popularity, though.Flours can be made from many plants — from wheat to rye and from potatoes to garbanzobeans. If your dog has a food allergy to wheat, you can use one of the many alternatives.Here are some of the most common flours:• All-purpose flour: This contains protein-rich hard wheat and starch-rich soft wheat.• Durum flour: Made from hard durum wheat, this is a high-gluten flour. (Gluten is thecombination of two proteins: gliadin and glutenin.)• Garbanzo flour: This is made from dried garbanzo beans (also known as chickpeas).• Gluten flour: Dehydrated gluten is added to make this a high-protein flour.• Gluten-free flour: This flour contains no gluten and is often made from potatostarch, garbanzo, and other flours.• Potato starch flour: Made from potatoes, this is a gluten-free flour.• Rye flour: This flour is made from rye, a grass.• Whole wheat flour: This flour contains the germ, bran, and husk of the wheat seed.05_597736_ch01. qxd 7/18/05 7: 51 PM Page 27 Bisquick and Beef TreatsMakes 40 to 50 bite-size treats Here’s a great way to get rid of leftover beef: Make treats out of it. You can use cookedhamburger, pieces of leftover roast, or even steak. Your dog will love you for it.1 cup shredded or crumbled cooked beef1 cup quick oats11⁄ 4 cup Bisquick baking mix1⁄ 2 cup evaporated lowfat milk1 teaspoon minced garlic2 to 3 teaspoons low-sodium beef bouillon powder1. Preheat the oven to 350 degrees.2. Mix together all the ingredients well.3. Drop by rounded teaspoon onto greased cookie sheets.4. Sprinkle each treat with a pinch of beef bouillon.5. Bake for about 15 minutes or until golden brown.6. Remove from the oven, let cool thoroughly, and store in an airtight container inthe refrigerator.28The Ultimate Dog Treat Cookbook05_597736_ch01. qxd 7/18/05 7: 51 PM Page 28 29Cookies by the SpoonfulNUTRITIONAL NOTES: BISQUICKBisquick is a staple in many households. It can be used for biscuits, coffee cakes, pancakes,and much more. Although there are no dog treat recipes on the Bisquick box, it’s also a greatbase for dog treat recipes. Bisquick contains all-purpose flour with added vitamins, oil, bakingsoda, sugar, and salt. Bisquick is a convenience food for dog treat bakers; it’s easy to use andalready contains many of the ingredients you must normally add to a recipe. If your dog is on alow-sodium diet, however, avoid recipes using Bisquick.1⁄ 3 cup of Bisquick contains:• 160 calories• 3 grams protein• 6 grams fat• 26 grams carbohydrates• 1 gram sugar• 35 mg potassium• 490 mg sodium05_597736_ch01. qxd 7/18/05 7: 51 PM Page 29 Riker’s Favorite Liver TreatsMakes 50 to 60 bite-size treats Riker, one of my Australian Shepherds, is not a picky eater; he eagerly samples all myculinary efforts. He really gets excited about these treats, though, and even though heknows he’s not allowed to beg, he begs for more!4 cups quick oats1 cup minced or shredded cooked chicken livers1⁄ 4 cup vegetable oil4 large eggs1. Preheat the oven to 350 degrees.2. Mix together all ingredients well, making sure that all the oats are well coated withoil and egg.3. Drop by teaspoon onto greased cookie sheets.4. Bake for 10 to 15 minutes or until golden brown.5. Remove from the oven, let cool thoroughly, and store in an airtight container inthe refrigerator.30The Ultimate Dog Treat Cookbook05_597736_ch01. qxd 7/18/05 7: 51 PM Page 30 31Cookies by the SpoonfulNUTRITIONAL NOTES: OATMEALOatmeal is made from oat grains that have been husked, steamed, and rolled. Quick oats (orquick-cooking oats) were introduced in the 1920s. Oats are one of the most nutritious grainsand when cooked, are easily digested by most dogs. In addition, oats do not cause nearly asmany allergy problems as do other cereal grains, especially wheat, corn, and rice.1 cup of cooked quick oats con...

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